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Clicker Training for Cats to Tame the Wild Feline Within

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Everyone knows herding cats is impossible (even Myth Busters proved that one). What about training cats, though? If you’ve ever turned blue yelling at a cat to get off the refrigerator, you know vocal commands don’t work with felines. (Not in my house, anyway) Cats are smart, and if you want a chance of competing with those crafty brains, you need the proper tools. Promoting good behavior and downplaying bad behavior IS possible with cats – you just need clicker training.

The Cat Brain

Dogs turn themselves inside out to please us. Even if the only reward is an ear-scritch, they’re happy to comply. This makes sense: dogs are a domesticated species. They’ve worked alongside us for thousands of years.

Cats not so much.

Much as we’d like to think we domesticated the cat, we’re deluding ourselves. While cats deigned to live beside us around 9000 years ago, they’re only PARTIALLY domesticated.

“Historically speaking, cats, unlike dogs, have not been domesticated to obey humans’ orders.”

~Atsuko Saito and Kazutaka Shinozukain, Animal Cognition

If cats lack the desire to please us, we need to apply to a different part of their brains when starting clicker training. Luckily, we have a smidgen of intelligence at work on our side (maybe not as much as our cats think, but enough).

When you embark on clicker training your cat, you do a few things:

  • Stave off boredom
  • Provide exercise
  • Strengthen the bond between the two of you

Clicker Training Basics

Clicker training your cat is easy and a lot of fun. Even if your cat acts aloof and uninterested (you know – like a cat), you’ll find them watching you whenever you get out the training supplies. Cats enjoy training sessions as much as you do – whether they admit it or not.

Clicker Training Supplies

Clicker training requires the following supplies:

  • Clicker: You can purchase a clicker (a handheld device with a metal strip that makes the clicking sound), or there are clicker apps available from both Google Play and the Apple Store. If your cat finds those sounds too harsh, a ballpoint pen works just as well. Or, if you want your hands free, make the clicking sound with your tongue.
    • Have a cat who’s deaf or hard of hearing? A penlight or flashlight works perfectly.
  • Treats: Don’t use their everyday treats. You want special treats that ONLY come out for training. Aim for something with a strong smell and a small size. This balances the need for training with not disturbing your cat’s diet.
    • If your cat isn’t food-motivated, don’t fret. Offer a toy they love. Again, ONLY use the toy for training, and keep it locked up the rest of the time.
  • Target: A chopstick or a pencil works for a target. If you want, you can get craftier (my cats have dowels with Styrofoam balls on the end, color-coded for each cat).

If you’re inexperienced with clicker training, I strongly recommend picking up Karen Pryor’s Clicker Training for Cats. The book is a quick read, walking you through everything you need to know.

Clicker Training for Cats

Clicker Training Terminology

Operant conditioning utilizes teaching through reinforcement or punishment. When you employ clicker training, you focus on reinforcement through treats (or toys). Some basic terminology comes along with clicker training.

Capture involves waiting for your cat to do something, then “capturing” the behavior with the clicker. It’s the easiest method of clicker training, but it’s also the slowest. Your cat tends to get bewildered initially, and you need to remain vigilant. Once your cat catches on, though, expect to see them waiting for you to see them “perform.”

Shaping requires you to break a desired action into sequential steps. You work your cat through each progression, eventually putting the entire behavior together. This method is complicated, and you may need a lot of individual steps before you reach a completed behavior.

Luring is the riskiest. Just as it sounds, you use the treat to entice your cat in the direction you want. Unhappily, this often results in your cat following the treat without learning the behavior.

Fade occurs when you allow a cat’s previous behavior to fall out of their repertoire. A lot of luring behaviors require a fade (which is why they’re a pain). Basically, you’re hoping your cat forgets the behavior (knowing how smart cats are, this is a big hope).

Clicker Training Your Cat

Whether you’re tired of your cat scratching the furniture or climbing to the top of every piece of furniture (this would be my cat), or you want to cut down on the risk of your cat escaping the house, clicker training provides the answer. Once you get the basics down, you’ll settle into a rhythm. As they say, practice makes perfect.

Charging the Clicker

Your cat has no idea what that “click” means. As such, you need to “charge the clicker.” Charging the clicker establishes the click as a positive confirmation of “job well done.”

With treats in easy reach, press the clicker and give your cat a treat. You’re telling your cat the click results in a yummy reward. Some cats catch on immediately; others need multiple repetitions. There’s no “correct” number. You’ll see the realization dawn in their eyes and know the connection clicked (no pun intended).

Target Training

Now that you’ve charged the clicker, your cat’s ready for real clicker training. Target training is an easy task, and it’ll bridge to other behaviors beautifully.

  1. Place the target close to their nose. They’ll likely sniff it, and as soon as they do, click and treat. Make sure you click WHILE they’re touching the target, not after.
  2. Once they get that down, move the target a little further away (so they have to move their head to reach it). Click and treat.
  3. Continue to move the target further and further away each time. Always click and treat when they touch it.
  4. As soon as your cat masters touching the target wherever you move it, you can add a voice command. Say “target” when you extend it for them to reach. Continue to follow your routine of clicker and treat.

It’s that easy!

Clicker Training Tips

Your cat can learn a variety of behaviors: sit, lay down, even how to enter their carrier on command. You’re only limited by your imagination and ability to shape behaviors. Before you get carried away, though, make sure you keep some things in mind.

  • Limit training sessions to a few minutes at a time. (Even if you and your cat are having a great time)
  • Click every time – even on baby steps. If your cat stepped in the direction of the carrier, click and treat them. Remember, they’re learning complicated concepts. If they’re moving in the right direction, click and reward the behavior.
  • DON’T click more than once. (Please don’t follow Jurassic World‘s example – it’s deplorable watching Chris Pratt wield that clicker) If you’re delighted with your cat’s progress, give extra treats, not extra clicks.
  • Don’t push your cat into position. Yes, we do that to encourage our dogs to sit, but it doesn’t work with cats. They need to move voluntarily.
  • NEVER punish your cat. If they’re not responding, check WHEN you’re clicking. You need to capture the behavior AS it’s happening, not after.
  • If they’re missing a cue, work backward in your shaping.
  • Remember, this is a CAT, not a dog – they’re not going to respond to your commands. (They ARE going to throw up in your shoe out of spite)

Cat Training

I’ve clicker trained all of my cats – even those who were deaf or hard of hearing. They come running when the targets leave the cat drawer. Training time is exciting – and not just because of the special treats. Clicker training has made getting them into carriers easier, visits to the vet less stressful, and provided extra stimulation for the youngest (keeping her OFF the refrigerator).

Once you get the hang of clicker training, you’ll find all kinds of new applications. Maybe you’ll leash-train your cat. Perhaps you’ll train your cat to come when called (I’m still working on that one – only have two out of three). Or maybe you’ll train your cat to perform feline agility.

If you’re patient, the sky’s the limit. So get a clicker, some smelly treats, and start training!

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Andria Kennedy

Andria Kennedy

Andria grew up in a pet-friendly household. On weekends, the family made trips to zoos and aquariums in the area. So it wasn’t a surprise when she gravitated toward a career with animals.

After six years working among the background operations at the Philadelphia Zoo, she gained a unique insight into the veterinary world. The vet staff provided her first lessons in terminology, the identification of medical equipment, and glimpses of radiographs (x-rays). She also enjoyed plenty of opportunities to talk with everyone, including the veterinary technicians. And they offered an alternative for someone NOT interested in surgical pathways: Namely, their course of study.

Andria enrolled at Harcum College. Philadelphia boasts two programs for vet techs, but only Harcum works with the Ryan Veterinary Hospital and New Bolton Center (University of Pennsylvania’s small and large animal facilities, respectively). Harcum’s vet tech students receive six months of hands-on teaching and experience alongside Penn’s vet students.

With the opportunities and connections available with one of the top veterinary schools, the decision was easy for her to make.

New Bolton Center: Large Animal Medicine
Andria ended up trudging through snow up to the knee and shivering in subzero temperatures during her winter semester, but she wasn’t disappointed with her choice. New Bolton provided a thorough grounding in large animal medicine. A horse-lover as a child, the experience renewed those old emotions.

And a few memories stood out and remained to this day:

  • Standing alongside a Clydesdale and feeling TINY
  • Holding the reins of a horse galloping at top speed on a treadmill
  • Nursing tiny foals through the first days of their life

Ryan Veterinary Hospital: Small Animal Medicine
Veterinary students can legally work at a practice while studying. Andria took advantage of the opportunity, gaining “real life” experience while attending class. It provided a slight advantage when she entered her three months at the small animal hospital.

However, as Ryan Veterinary Hospital offers treatments unique to the veterinary community, she continued to gain valuable experience. For instance, she spent a day working alongside their Chemo Team. The positivity of everyone she encountered – staff, clients, and patients alike – left a lasting impression.

Additional standout moments included:

  • An afternoon spent with the head of the feline kidney transplant program
  • A day serving as the anesthesia technician in their new radiation unit
  • Recognizing a radiograph of a giant elephant shrew (applying her previous zoo knowledge)

Emergency/ICU Veterinary Technician
Accompanying her Associate of Science in Veterinary Technology, Andria received a passing score on the Veterinary Technician National Exam (VTNE). The two led to her certification/license as a veterinary technician – first in Pennsylvania (CVT) and later in Virginia (LVT).

Emergency medicine appealed to her from the beginning. The flux of ailments, injuries, and even species kept her mind sharp at all times. The knowledge required to handle cats, dogs, exotics, and even wildlife is highest in an ICU setting. When a vet tech never knows the patient’s stability coming back to the treatment area, skills and the ability to respond in an instant always stay in peak shape.

With treatments evolving at a constant basis, Andria sought out the best Continuing Education opportunities. She attended the International Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society (IVECCS) Conference whenever possible. This allowed her to discuss the latest wound treatments, medications, and advancements in diet formulations.

Cardiology Veterinary Technician
With the increased knowledge and experience, Andria noticed gaps in her abilities. Her grasp of cardiology remained at the basic level. She wanted to boost her skills and understanding as much as possible, improving her patient care. When an opportunity within the practice arose to move into the cardiology department, she accepted.

She sharpened her ability to read ECGs, recognizing arrhythmias of every type. Speaking with the cardiologist, she learned to read echocardiograms, picking out the most common disease processes. And, courtesy of her position in the department, she took in everything she could regarding the grain-free diet concern.

And throughout her ten-year career, she built her store of client interactions. She learned stories of heartbreak and hope. In the middle of the night, she shared touching and humorous conversations. Every moment taught her to engage with people. And the skill blended into her writing ability, capturing the interest of pet-lovers everywhere.

Check out Andria’s LinkedIn here

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