How One Man Taught His Dog to Recognize Over 1,000 Words

We all know that dogs are incredibly smart.  We’ve also seen highly trained police dogs and show dogs do amazing things.  But Chaser the Border Collie is on another level.

Chaser has garnered the title of “World’s Smartest Dog” after her owner, 87-year-old Dr. John W. Pilley, taught her to recognize 1,022 words. Dr. Pilley is a retired psychology professor who has an unmatched love and understanding for dogs. When he was interviewed by Anderson Cooper in a 60 Minutes piece, he told Cooper that Chaser “is our child. A member of the family. She comes first.” Dr. Pilley has done what many would think impossible – teach Chaser over a thousand words and sentences.

Dr. Pilley and Chaser in a Car
Dr. Pilley and Chaser Driving

So how did Dr. Pilley achieve such a feat?  Unsurprisingly, it took time.  A lot of it.  Dr. Pilley spends five hours a day, five days a week teaching Chaser language and tricks.  And he’s been doing it for 10 years.  So if you’re thinking about doing this with your own dog, be prepared to spend most of your free time training.

Dr. Pilley says that he believes that Chaser has the same mental capability of as a 2-year-old human (though most 2-year-old humans only have a 50-75 word vocabulary).  Most of the words are related to toys that Dr. Pilley has for Chaser.  This picture of Chaser with her immense toy collection is physical representation of Chaser’s vocabulary, and it’s pretty impressive:

Chase the Border Collie and Toys

But Dr. Pilley didn’t just teach Chaser the name of 1,022 toys, he also taught her the meaning of verbs like “fetch,” “paw,” “take,” and “nose” (as in a directive to put her nose on a toy).  Using these commands, Chaser can understand thousands of sentences.  This feat isn’t just impressive.  It is a scientific breakthrough.  According to associate professor of evolutionary anthropology at Duke University, Dr. Brian Hare, Chaser is “the closest thing in animals we’ve seen to being like what children do when they’re learning words.”  He has called Chaser “the most important dog in the history of modern scientific research.”

Dr. Pilley has laid out some of his best dog training tips in a new series of videos

Allow your dog to use her instincts to help her learn

Reward your dog with play, not food

Don’t use the word “no” in a harsh way

Don’t push too hard.  Back off when you think your dog is frustrated

Teach verbs before object names

Real learning is problem solving. Teach problem solving

See Chaser’s story here:

And if you want to see the 60 Minutes piece, check it out below:

If you’re still not totally satisfied with what you’ve learned about Chaser, go check out her website at this link

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